Alternative titles for this job include Pipe welder, MIG welder, TIG welder, arc welder, boilermaker

Welders cut, join and shape metals, alloys and other materials in the manufacturing, construction and engineering industries.

Average salary (a year)

£25,000 Starter


£45,000 Experienced

Typical hours (a week)

40 to 46 a week

You could work

evenings / weekends on shifts

How to become

Explore the different ways to get into this role.

How to become Welder

You can get into this job through:

  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • applying directly
  • specialist courses run by a private training provider


You could do a welding qualification at college before applying for a job as a trainee welder. Courses include:

  • welding skills
  • welding techniques and skills
  • fabrication and welding engineering
  • T Level in Engineering, Manufacturing, Processing and Control

Entry requirements

Entry requirements for these courses vary.

  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English and maths for a T Level

More Information


You could apply to do a welding apprenticeship, such as:

  • General Welder Level 2 Intermediate Apprenticeship
  • Pipe Welder Level 3 Advanced Apprenticeship
  • Plate Welder Level 3 Advanced Apprenticeship

These take between 2 and 4 years to complete.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • some GCSEs, usually including English and maths, or equivalent, for an intermediate apprenticeship
  • 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English and maths, for an advanced apprenticeship

More Information

Direct Application

You can apply directly for welding jobs.

You'll need welding experience and certifications, for example from working in:

  • pipe fitting
  • engineering construction
  • marine engineering
  • steel fabrication

Other Routes

You could take a course in welding or inspection through The Welding Institute (TWI). You usually need to be working in engineering to do this.

More Information


Professional and industry bodies

You could join The Welding Institute (TWI) for professional development and training opportunities.

Further information

You can find out more about welding careers from The Welding Institute (TWI).

What it takes

Find out what skills you’ll use in this role.

What it takes

Skills and knowledge

You'll need:

  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • knowledge of engineering science and technology
  • the ability to work on your own
  • the ability to work well with your hands
  • design skills and knowledge
  • knowledge of maths
  • the ability to use, repair and maintain machines and tools
  • the ability to analyse quality or performance
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device

What you’ll do

Discover the day to day tasks you’ll do in this role.

What you'll do

Day-to-day tasks

As a welder you could:

  • follow drawings and instructions
  • prepare materials to be joined and select the right welding procedure
  • calibrate tools and operate welding equipment
  • inspect and test the quality of joins using precision measuring instruments
  • dismantle and cut up metalwork, for example during demolitions

Possible green job

This job could help the environment.

For a welder to be a green job, you could:

  • weld components used to build wind turbines
  • use newer energy efficient welding methods to reduce waste
  • work with fume extraction systems when welding to filter out harmful pollutants

Find out more about green careers

Working environment

You could work in a workshop, on a construction site or on a demolition site.

Your working environment may be hot, cramped and at height.

You may need to wear safety clothing and use safety equipment.

Career path and progression

Look at progression in this role and similar opportunities.

Career path and progression

With experience you could:

  • become a supervisor or metal fabrication workshop manager
  • work in welding inspection, non-destructive testing or quality control
  • train as a commercial diver and specialise in underwater welding, for example in oil, gas and marine engineering
  • become a further education teacher or training assessor
  • study materials science to become a welding engineer and work in welding design and standards development

Current opportunities

Find apprenticeships, courses and jobs available near you.

Current opportunities

Apprenticeships In England

Apprentice Welder/Fabricator

  • Wage: £13,520 a year Annually
  • Location: Brinsworth, Rotherham

Apprentice Welder/Fabricator

  • Wage: £13,520 a year Annually
  • Location: Walker Road, Walker Park, Blackburn

Courses In England

MIG Welding - Level 2

  • Start date: 01 August 2024
  • Location: Lancaster

Award in Welding Skills

  • Start date: 02 September 2024
  • Location: London

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