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Business analyst

Alternative titles for this job include Process analyst, business systems analyst

Business analysts investigate business situations, analyse problems and identify improvements.

Average salary (a year)

£22,000 Starter


£55,000 Experienced

Typical hours (a week)

37 to 39 a week

You could work

evenings occasionally

How to become

Explore the different ways to get into this role.

How to become a business analyst

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • an apprenticeship
  • applying directly


Any degree subject that teaches analytical skills can be useful for this role. Some employers prefer a relevant degree or postgraduate qualification like:

  • business information systems
  • business management
  • computing and systems development
  • computer science

Degree courses that include the chance to gain business experience through internships, work placements or a year in industry may give you an advantage.

Experience of managing projects and analysing data will also be useful.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 2 to 3 A levels, or equivalent, for a degree
  • a degree in a relevant subject for postgraduate study

More Information


You could do a college course which may lead onto a degree or higher and degree-level apprenticeships. It may also help you to get a trainee position with a company.

Courses include:

  • A Level in Computer Science
  • Level 3 National Diploma in Computing
  • T level in Digital Production, Design and Development
  • Higher National Certificate in Computing

Entry requirements

You may need:

  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English and maths
  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English and maths for a T level
  • 1 or 2 A levels, or equivalent, for a higher national certificate or higher national diploma

More Information


You could gain some of the skills and knowledge needed for this role through an apprenticeship like a:

  • Business analyst higher apprenticeship
  • Project management higher or degree apprenticeship

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C) and A levels, or equivalent, for a higher or degree apprenticeship

More Information

Direct Application

You can apply directly for jobs if you've got several years' experience in project management, consulting or IT.

More Information

Career tips

Knowledge of project development methods like Waterfall or Agile can help you get into this career.

Further information

You can find out more about becoming a business analyst from:

You can find out more about government business analysts in the Civil Service on GOV.UK.

What it takes

Find out what skills you’ll use in this role.

What it takes

Skills and knowledge

You'll need:

  • business management skills
  • analytical thinking skills
  • knowledge of teaching and the ability to design courses
  • to be flexible and open to change
  • the ability to use your initiative
  • customer service skills
  • the ability to work well with others
  • excellent verbal communication skills
  • to have a thorough understanding of computer systems and applications

What you’ll do

Discover the day to day tasks you’ll do in this role.

What you'll do

Day-to-day tasks

You could:

  • speak to managers to find out their business needs
  • investigate business processes, document what is done and how
  • analyse findings and use data modelling methods to help recommend changes and improvements
  • explain the potential impact, costs, benefits and risks of your recommendations
  • agree the best way to implement recommended changes
  • oversee testing and quality checks of recommendations
  • support staff making changes
  • document and report on change process

Working environment

You could work in an office or at a client's business.

Career path and progression

Look at progression in this role and similar opportunities.

Career path and progression

With experience, you could move into project management, consulting, or work in different industries.

You could set up your own company and work freelance.

Current opportunities

Find apprenticeships, courses and jobs available near you.

Current opportunities

Apprenticeships In England

Business Analyst Apprentice

  • Wage: £15,000.00 - £20,000.00 Annually
  • Location: Reading

Courses In England

Level 3 Access to Higher Education Diploma - Computing & ICT

  • Start date: 05 September 2022
  • Location: Manchester

COMPUTING AND ICT Level 3 National Foundation Diploma

  • Start date: 19 September 2022
  • Location: Birmingham

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