How to become a physicist
You can get into this job through:
- a university course
- an apprenticeship
- a graduate trainee scheme
Most employers will expect you to have a degree in physics, applied physics, or a related science or engineering subject. You may also need a relevant postgraduate qualification, like a master's degree or PhD.
You could do a combined degree and master's qualification, like an MPhys or MSci. These courses include more independent research and lead directly onto further postgraduate study like a PhD.
You may be able to do a 1-year physics foundation course before your degree, if you do not have a background in science.
You'll usually need:
- 2 or 3 A levels, or equivalent, including maths and physics
- a degree in a relevant subject for postgraduate study
You could do a level 7 research scientist degree apprenticeship.
This apprenticeship typically takes 30 months to complete.
It may give you some of the requirements you need to become a chartered scientist in your scientific field.
Employers will set their own entry requirements.
- 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C) and A levels, or equivalent, for a higher or degree apprenticeship
You may be able to start on a company's graduate training scheme after completing your degree or postgraduate qualification.
You may have an advantage if you've got relevant work experience. You could get this through a work placement as part of your degree or during vacations, or a scheme like the Year in Industry programme.
You can find out more about careers in physics through the Institute of Physics.