Farmer

Alternative titles for this job include Farm manager

Farmers and farm managers grow crops and raise livestock for food production.

Average salary (a year)

£20,000 Starter

to

£50,000 Experienced

Typical hours (a week)

39 to 41 variable

You could work

evenings / weekends / bank holidays flexibly

How to become a farmer

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towards this role

University

You could take a foundation degree, higher national diploma or degree in:

  • agriculture
  • land management
  • farm business management
  • crop and livestock production

Courses and qualifications are available through agricultural colleges as well as universities.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 1 or 2 A levels, or equivalent, for a foundation degree or higher national diploma
  • 2 to 3 A levels, or equivalent, for a degree

More Information

College

You could start your career in farming by doing a course at agricultural college like:

  • Level 2 Certificate in Land-based Activities
  • Level 3 Diploma in Agriculture

This would teach you some of the skills and knowledge needed in this job.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 2 or more GCSEs at grades 9 to 3 (A* to D), or equivalent, for a level 2 course
  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, for a level 3 course

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Apprenticeship

You could get farming experience through apprenticeships relevant to this role like:

  • Level 2 Stockperson
  • Level 2 Poultry worker
  • Level 3 Poultry technician
  • Level 3 Crop technician

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • some GCSEs, usually including English and maths, or equivalent, for an intermediate apprenticeship
  • 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English and maths, for an advanced apprenticeship

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Work

You can get valuable experience and move into farm management by working as a supervisor, dairy or arable unit manager, or assistant manager.

You could also take qualifications on the job like the Level 4 Certificate in Work-based Agricultural Management.

More Information

Further information

You can find more on farming careers from Tasty Careers, the National Land Based College and LANTRA the body for land-based industries in the UK.

What it takes

Skills and knowledge

You'll need:

  • to be flexible and open to change
  • the ability to work well with others
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • the ability to work on your own
  • physical skills like movement, coordination and dexterity
  • excellent verbal communication skills
  • thinking and reasoning skills
  • patience and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device

What you'll do

Day-to-day tasks

Your day-to-day tasks will depend on whether you work with:

  • animals - livestock farming
  • crops - arable farming
  • a mixture of livestock and arable farming

Typically you will:

  • plan how the farm will run
  • set budget and production targets
  • make sure the farm follows health and safety standards and farming regulations
  • do practical tasks like feeding and checking the health of livestock, fertilising or harvesting crops or maintaining farm equipment
  • buy and sell animals or produce
  • keep financial and stock records
  • recruit, train and supervise farm workers

Working environment

You could work on a farm or in an office.

Your working environment may be physically demanding and outdoors in all weathers.

You may need to wear protective clothing.

Career path and progression

With experience, you could move into related areas, like agricultural advisory work for government bodies, consultancy or training.

Current opportunities

Apprenticeships In England

Apprentice Farm Worker

  • Wage: £117.00 Weekly
  • Location: Callington

Poultry Production Apprentice

  • Wage: £240.00 Weekly
  • Location: Witney

Courses In England

Diploma Level 2 Agriculture

  • Provider: MOULTON COLLEGE
  • Start date: 06 September 2021
  • Location: Northampton

BTEC Technical Diploma in Agriculture

  • Provider: BERKSHIRE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, THE (BCA)
  • Start date: 06 September 2021
  • Location: Maidenhead

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