Alternative titles for this job include Keeper, animal keeper

Zookeepers look after animals in zoos, safari parks and aquariums.

Average salary (a year)

£12,000 Starter


£25,000 Experienced

Typical hours (a week)

37 to 40 a week

You could work

evenings / weekends / bank holidays on shifts

How to become a zookeeper

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship


You can do a foundation degree, higher national diploma or degree in:

  • animal or zoo management
  • animal behaviour and welfare
  • zoology or marine zoology
  • animal conservation and biodiversity
  • veterinary science
  • biology

Zoos vary in what qualifications they ask for and it can depend on what their zookeepers are going to do.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 1 or 2 A levels for a foundation degree or higher national diploma
  • 2 or 3 A levels, including a science, for a degree

More information


You could do a course before applying to a zoo for a trainee zookeeper's job. Relevant courses include:

  • Level 3 Extended Diploma in Animal Management
  • Level 3 Diploma in Animal Care or Animal Science
  • Biology A level

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), including English, maths and science

More information


You could start by doing an intermediate or advanced apprenticeship in animal care, or an animal care and welfare assistant intermediate apprenticeship. This may help you to get a job as a trainee with a zoo. Your employer would then put you through more courses on the job.

You may specialise in training zoo animals by completing an animal trainer higher apprenticeship.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • some GCSEs, usually including English and maths, for an intermediate apprenticeship
  • 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), usually including English and maths, for an advanced apprenticeship
  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C) and A levels, or equivalent qualifications, for a higher or a degree apprenticeship

More information

Volunteering and experience

You can volunteer in a zoo or wildlife centre to get experience. This will be important, as there's a lot of competition for trainee jobs. You could also try:

  • working at kennels, at a farm or riding stables
  • helping out at an animal sanctuary or rescue home

More information

Further information

You can find out more about working in zoos from the British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums.

What it takes

Skills and knowledge

You'll need:

  • the ability to work well with others
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • excellent verbal communication skills
  • the ability to use your initiative
  • the ability to work well with your hands
  • to be flexible and open to change
  • patience and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations
  • customer service skills
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device

Restrictions and requirements

You'll need to:

What you'll do

Day-to-day tasks

In this role you could be:

  • preparing food and feeding animals
  • cleaning out pens and cages and changing bedding
  • making sure animals live in as close to natural conditions as possible
  • checking for signs of distress or disease and caring for sick animals
  • checking enclosures and cages for signs of wear or damage
  • monitoring conditions like temperature and humidity
  • keeping daily healthcare records on paper and computer
  • giving educational talks to children and adults

Working environment

You could work at a zoo.

Your working environment may be outdoors in all weathers and physically demanding.

You may need to wear a uniform and protective clothing.

Career path and progression

In larger zoos, you could progress from keeper to team leader or head keeper. With experience and a degree, you could become a curator.

You could also move into education or conservation research.

Current opportunities

Apprenticeships In England

Apprentice Dog Groomer

  • Wage : £136.50 Weekly
  • Location: Lydney GL15 5DP

Apprentice Animal Care Assistant

  • Wage : £14,942.20 Annually
  • Location: Potters Bar EN6 3LZ

Courses In England

Animal Science FdSc Foundation Degree (part-time)

  • Start date: 16 September 2019
  • Location: Guildford

BSc (Hons) Applied Animal Behavioural Science and Welfare

  • Provider: HADLOW COLLEGE
  • Start date: 09 September 2019
  • Location: TONBRIDGE

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