Alternative titles for this job include Glass decorator, finisher

Glassmakers produce a variety of objects from windows, for buildings and vehicles, to bottles, crystal vases and test tubes.

Average salary (a year)

£14,000 Starter


£35,000 Experienced

Typical hours (a week)

42 to 44 a week

You could work

between 8am and 6pm

How to become a glassmaker

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • applying directly


Many craft glassmakers have a foundation degree, higher national diploma or degree in a subject like design crafts, applied arts or glass and ceramics.

You'll need a portfolio of work to show when applying for courses.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 1 or 2 A levels for a foundation degree or higher national diploma
  • 2 to 3 A levels for a degree

More information


You could do a college course, which would teach you some of the skills and knowledge you need to get into glass manufacturing. Relevant subjects include:

  • Level 2 Certificate and Diploma in Glass Processing
  • Level 3 Diploma in Glass Manufacturing

Some colleges run short creative craft courses in glass, which may be useful for picking up glassmaking skills and techniques.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • 2 or more GCSEs at grades 9 to 3 (A* to D) for a level 2 course
  • 4 or 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C) for a level 3 course

More information


You can get into this job through an intermediate or advanced glass industry apprenticeship.

Entry requirements

You'll usually need:

  • some GCSEs, usually including English and maths, for an intermediate apprenticeship
  • 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), usually including English and maths, for an advanced apprenticeship

More information

Direct application

You can apply directly for jobs in glass manufacturing factories if you have some GCSEs.

More information

Career tips

You may find qualifications like GCSEs in science, design and technology, or art helpful, depending on whether you want to specialise in glass manufacturing or crafts.

For craftwork, you'll need both technical skills and artistic ability.

Further information

You can find out more about craft glassmaking from Creative Choices.

What it takes

Skills and knowledge

You'll need:

  • knowledge of manufacturing production and processes
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • design skills and knowledge
  • the ability to work well with your hands
  • the ability to use your initiative
  • physical skills like movement, coordination, dexterity and grace
  • knowledge of engineering science and technology
  • the ability to use, repair and maintain machines and tools
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device

What you'll do

Day-to-day tasks

Your tasks will depend on your specialist skills and could include:

  • cutting inscriptions, and producing original designs or copying existing ones on items like bowls, decanters, glass panels, goblets and mirrors
  • point engraving - marking the glass with a hand-held diamond or tungsten carbide point tool
  • stipple engraving - building up the design by hand using tiny dots, highlighting areas of light and shade
  • drill engraving - using a rotating tool in the handpiece of an electric drill
  • copper wheel engraving - using machine-driven wheels to shape the cut, and a mix of oil and grit to do the cutting
  • sand engraving or sandblasting - using grit to remove areas of glass
  • acid etching - applying acid to areas to be decorated
  • hot glass techniques - engraving combined with glass blowing skills to create different effects
  • laser engraving - creating a design on glass with a laser

Working environment

You could work in a creative studio, in a factory or in a workshop.

You may need to wear safety clothing.

Career path and progression

In a glass factory, you may have the opportunity to move into supervisory or management positions.

You could also start your own business.

Current opportunities

Apprenticeships In England

Apprentice Window and Door Fabricator

  • Wage : £144.30 Weekly
  • Location: Alnwick NE66 2PD

Glass Processing Apprenticeship

  • Wage : Competitive salary
  • Location: St. Austell PL25 3JQ

Courses In England

Level 3 National Foundation Diploma in Art and Design

  • Start date: 03 July 2020
  • Location: WORKINGTON

Level 3 BTEC Foundation Diploma in Art and Design

  • Start date: 01 April 2020
  • Location: London

JobsIn the United Kingdom

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