Construction and trades
Acoustician, acoustics engineer
Acoustics consultants help manage and control noise and vibrations in homes, workplaces and other environments.
Architects design new buildings and the spaces around them, and work on the restoration and conservation of existing buildings.
Architectural technicians work closely with architectural teams on the design process of building projects.
Architectural technologists manage all stages of the technical design and planning process of building projects.
Marine craftsperson, shipwright
Boat builders build, repair and refit marine craft from small sailing boats to large sea-going vessels.
Bricklayers build houses, repair walls and chimneys and refurbish decorative stonework. They also work on restoration projects.
Builders' merchants sell building and DIY products and materials.
Building control officer
Building control surveyor
Building control officers make sure building regulations are followed.
Building services engineer
Building services engineers design, fit and maintain the heating, lighting and power systems in offices, hospitals and shopping centres.
Building site inspector
Clerk of works, construction inspector, building site supervisor
Building site inspectors check the quality and safety of construction work.
Building surveyors advise clients about the design, construction, maintenance and repair of buildings.
Building technicians support engineers, surveyors and architects on construction projects.
Structural technician, BIM technician, digital design technician, engineering design technician
Computer-aided design (CAD) technicians use software to design structures, machinery, goods and components.
Joiner, bench joiner
Carpenters and joiners make and install wooden structures, fittings and furniture.
Carpet fitter and floor layer
Carpet fitters and floor layers fit carpets and vinyl tiles and lay laminate and solid timber floors.
Cavity insulation installer
Cavity wall installer
Cavity insulation installers fit insulation, soundproofing materials and cladding in buildings.
Ceiling fixers fit suspended ceilings in buildings to cover pipework, wiring, heating and air conditioning systems.
Civil engineers design and manage construction projects, from bridges and buildings to transport links and sports stadiums.
Civil engineering technician
Civil infrastructure technician, civil and structural technician
Civil engineering technicians give technical support to engineers on construction projects.
Commercial energy assessor
Non-domestic energy assessor
Commercial energy assessors measure the energy efficiency of commercial buildings to produce Non-Domestic Energy Performance Certificates.
Construction contracts manager
Construction contracts managers look after building contracts and construction costs.
Construction operative, groundworker
Construction labourers work on practical tasks on construction sites from the start to the end of building projects.
Construction managers organise building projects to make sure they're completed safely, within budget and on time.
Construction plant hire adviser
Plant hire controller
Construction plant hire advisers rent out plant machinery, tools and equipment to builders and the public.
Construction plant mechanic
Mobile plant fitter
Construction plant mechanics service and repair heavy plant machinery like diggers, dumper trucks and cranes.
Construction plant operator
Construction plant operators work with machinery and equipment used on building sites.
Construction site supervisor
Building site manager, site inspector, clerk of works
Construction site supervisors manage staff and subcontractors on building sites.
Mobile crane driver, tower crane operator
Crane drivers operate lifting machinery at construction sites, quarries, mining sites, ports and warehouses.
Demolition operatives dismantle buildings and structures, remove hazardous waste and identify reusable materials.
Domestic energy assessor
Domestic energy assessors (DEAs) work out the energy efficiency of domestic buildings like houses and flats.
Unmanned aerial vehicle pilot, UAV pilot
Drone pilots remotely operate aircraft used in work like surveying, filmmaking and aerial photography.
Dry lining fixer
Dry liners use plasterboard and panels to build internal walls, suspended ceilings and raised flooring in houses, offices and shops.
Electrical fitter, electrical technician, installation electrician
Electricians fit, service and repair electric machines, equipment and wires.
Electricity distribution worker
Transmission worker, electrical craftsperson
Electricity distribution workers maintain and repair the power lines that connect homes and businesses to the national grid.
Engineering construction craftworker
Engineering construction craftworkers fit and repair machinery and equipment in buildings and structures from oil rigs to sports stadiums.
Engineering construction technician
Engineering construction technicians support engineers to design, test, install, maintain, repair and decommission industrial facilities.
Cost engineer, construction estimator, cost planner
Estimators work out how much it will cost for a company to supply products and services to its clients.
Estates manager, support services manager, contracts manager
Facilities managers oversee the operation and maintenance of building systems and services.
Fencer, fencing worker
Fence installers put up and repair fences, gates and other barriers.
Form carpenter, concrete carpenter
Formworkers build temporary wood or metal frameworks, used to cast concrete and other materials in construction projects.
Gas mains layer
Gas networks operative
Gas mains layers install and maintain pipelines that supply homes and businesses with gas.
Gas service technician
Gas installation engineer, gas maintenance engineer
Gas service technicians install, service and repair gas appliances and heating systems.
General practice surveyor
General practice surveyors are involved in the management, valuation, buying, selling and development of land and property.
Glass installer, fenestration installer
Glaziers install and repair glass in houses, hotels, offices and shops.
Heating and ventilation engineer
Heating and ventilation engineers install and service heating and air conditioning in large buildings like factories, schools and hospitals.
Historic buildings officer, listings officer
Heritage officers support teams to take care of buildings, monuments and places valued for their cultural and historical importance.
Kitchen and bathroom designer
Kitchen and bathroom designers plan and design kitchens and bathrooms to meet customer needs.
Kitchen and bathroom fitter
Kitchen and bathroom fitters install kitchens and bathroom suites in homes and businesses.
Land and property valuer and auctioneer
Valuers and auctioneers give advice to people buying, selling and renting land or property.
Geographic information systems (GIS) surveyor, geomatics surveyor
Land surveyors measure the shape of the land, and gather data for civil engineering and construction projects.
Landscape gardener, landscape designer
Landscapers create and maintain gardens, parks and other outdoor areas.
Mechanical engineering technician
Mechanical maintenance technician
Mechanical engineering technicians design, install and repair industrial machines and parts.
Car paint sprayer, vehicle paint sprayer, body shop worker, paint technician
Paint sprayers apply coatings and protective finishes to cars, vans, motorbikes and other vehicles.
Painter and decorator
Painters and decorators apply paint, wallpaper and other finishes to the inside and outside of buildings.
Pipe fitters install industrial pipework, valves and pumps in factories, commercial premises and large buildings like power stations.
Planning and development surveyor
Planning and development surveyors assess, design and manage development projects in towns, cities and rural areas.
Plasterers apply plaster to walls and ceilings ready for decorating and finishing.
Plumbers fit and service hot and cold water systems, heating systems and drainage networks.
Quantity surveyors oversee construction projects, managing risks and controlling costs.
Quarry engineers explore new sites, oversee extraction operations and manage sites at the end of their commercial life.
Quarry operative, opencast mine worker, opencast miner
Quarry workers dig out and process rock, slate, gravel and sand from quarries or mines.
Refrigeration and air-conditioning installer
Air-con engineer, HVAC engineer
Refrigeration and air-conditioning installers work on air quality and cooling systems in buildings, storage and transport.
Road construction operative, highways operative
Road workers build and repair roads and motorways.
Slater, flat roofer
Roofers re-slate and tile roofs, fit skylight windows and replace lead sheeting and cladding.
Rural surveyors value farms and areas of land, plan how land is used and advise clients.
Scaffolders put up scaffolding on buildings and structures to let other workers do their jobs safely.
Shopfitters make and install fixtures and fittings in offices, restaurants, shops and bars.
Steel erectors assemble the beams and girders that support the structure of buildings, stadiums, bridges and tunnels.
Steel fixers install and tie together steel bars and mesh that is used to strengthen concrete on construction projects.
Lightning conductor engineer
Steeplejacks climb high buildings and structures to repair them or make them safe.
Stonemasons carve blocks of stone, and lay and fit stonework into place on construction projects.
Structural engineers help to design and build large structures and buildings, like hospitals, sports stadiums and bridges.
Surveying technicians carry out tasks to support chartered surveyors, architects and engineers.
Thatchers use traditional craft skills, materials and tools to replace and repair thatched roofs.
Thermal insulation engineer
Pipework lagger, thermal insulation installer
Thermal insulation engineers install insulating materials around pipes, boilers and ductwork in factories and buildings.
Wall tiler, floor tiler, ceramic tiler
Tilers tile walls and floors in kitchens, bathrooms, shops and restaurants, using materials like ceramics, slate and marble.
Spatial planner, planner, urban designer, planning officer
Town planners help shape the way towns and cities develop, and balance the demands on land with the needs of the community.
Town planning assistant
Town planning technician
Town planning assistants process applications, give advice about regulations and carry out design work and office administration.
Water network operative
Distribution technician, leakage operative, network service technician
Water network operatives look after the pipes, mains and pumping stations that supply homes and businesses with water.
Pipe welder, MIG welder, TIG welder, arc welder, boilermaker
Welders cut, join and shape materials like metal in the aerospace, construction and engineering industries.
Window fitters install windows, conservatories and glazed curtain walls in homes and businesses.
Wood machinists cut and prepare timber for use in wood products.